Understanding of Hosting

When you are going to create a website, you will find new terms such as domain and hosting, which are very important components so that your website can be accessed by everyone through the internet. Where domain is the name of your website while hosting is a space that is equipped with various software and hardware that works to turn on your website so that it can be accessed and worked. But for beginners it will be very confusing to understand hosting and the various terms.

So in this article, I will make an article explaining about hosting and its terms in full so you can easily determine which hosting you should choose when you want to buy or rent it. And here is the full explanation.

Understanding of Hosting


WHAT IS WEB HOSTING?
Web Hosting or ‘Hosting’ are services provided by vendors that offer physical locations for storing web pages and files. Think of the Web Hosting Company as the type of owner, and you as a user rent physical space on their server that makes your web pages displayed on the Internet.

TYPES OF WEB HOSTING
In general there are four types of web hosting: Shared, Virtual Private Servers (VPS), Dedicated, and the latest is Cloud Hosting.

While all types of hosting servers will act as a storage center for your website, they differ in the amount of storage capacity, control, technical knowledge requirements, server speed, reliability and price. Let's explore and see the main differences between Shared, VPS, Dedicated, and Cloud hosting.

SHARED HOSTING?
In shared hosting, a person's website is placed on the same server as other sites, ranging from several hundreds or even thousands. Usually, all domains can be shared on one server with server resources used together, such as RAM and CPU. And the costs for shared hosting are very low, most sites with traffic levels run smoothly the standard software hosted on this type of server. Shared hosting is also widely accepted as an entry level hosting option because it requires minimal technical knowledge. And the disadvantages of shared hosting are the lack of root access, limited ability to handle high levels of traffic, and site performance can be influenced by other sites on the same server.

VIRTUAL PRIVATE SERVER (VPS) HOSTING?
A virtual private hosting server divides the server into a virtual server, where each website is like a host on their own dedicated server, but they actually share the server with several other different users. Users can have root access for their own virtual space and the hosting environment is guaranteed to be better with other types of hosting. VPS is the choice of a type of web hosting that requires greater control at the server level that you can use if you don't want to use the choice of a dedicated server. The disadvantage of VPS is the ability to handle a high level of traffic is limited, the performance of your site can still be somewhat affected by other sites on the server.

DEDICATED HOSTING?
A dedicated server offers maximum control over your website's web server being stored - you exclusively rent the entire server. Your website (s) is the only site stored on the server. The disadvantage of a Dedicated server is that with great strength and good service it will certainly have more expensive costs. Dedicated Servers are very expensive and that is only recommended for those who need maximum control and better server performance.

CLOUD HOSTING?
Cloud hosting offers a limited ability to handle high traffic or traffic. Here's how it works: A team from a server (called cloud or cloud) works together to host a group of websites. This allows multiple computers to work together to handle high levels of traffic for each particular website. While the disadvantages of Cloud hosting are that many cloud hosting settings do not offer root access (needed to change server settings and install some software), and cloud hosting is offered at a higher cost.

TERMS OF HOSTING?
Here are a lot of terms contained in hosting that you need to know:

WHAT IS WEB SERVER USED?
Commonly used in reference to computer hardware that provides extensive network services in the Internet world, Web servers include hardware, operating systems, server software, TCP / IP protocols and website content. The web server processes requests from the browser for web pages and serves them via HTTP.

♠ WHAT IS HTTP?
HyperText Transfer Protocol - the underlying protocol used by the World Wide Web. HTTP defines how messages are formatted and transmitted, and the Web server and browser act take in response to various commands. For example, when you enter a URL in your browser, it sends an HTTP command and directs it to the Web server to retrieve and send the requested webpage.

♠ WHAT DOES DOMAIN'S NAME MEAN?
A build address is used to identify and find computers on the Internet. Domain names provide a system that easily remembers Internet addresses, which can be translated by the Domain Name System (DNS) to the numeric address (Internet Protocol (IP) number) used by the network. (centerklik.com is a domain name like Google.com)

♠ WHAT IS IP ADDRESS USED?
Every computer connected to the Internet must have a unique address known as an IP (Internet Protocol) address. An IP address is a numerical address written as a set of four numbers separated by periods, for example 64.149,219,213. The address provides a unique identification of a computer and network.

WHAT IS A URL?
Uniform Resource Locator - global address of documents and other resources on the World Wide Web. The first part of the address shows the protocol used, and the second part shows the IP address or domain name where the resource is located. https://www.centerklik.com/ is the URL for the centerklik website.

WHAT IS DNS?
Domain Name System - system name mapping to IP addresses. Because domain names are alphabetical, it is certainly easier for humans to remember. The internet, however, is really based on IP addresses. Every time you use a domain name, DNS translates the name to the appropriate IP address. This is similar to a telephone book for the Internet.

WHAT IS FTP?
File Transfer Protocol - Allows the transfer of one or more files from one computer to another on the Internet. Usually from a personal computer to the server or vice versa. FTP is fully discussed here

WHAT IS UPLOAD?
Uploading is transferring files from your local computer to a remote computer, usually a server.

♠ WHAT IS DOWNLOADING?
Download is transferring files from a remote computer or server to your local computer.

♠ WHAT IS E-MAIL?
Like most people already know E-mail stands for Electronic Mail and is now an integral part of business and personal communication.

A WHAT IS POP AND SMTP SERVER?
Post Office Protocol is the most commonly used protocol for retrieving e-mail from a mail server. E-mail applications (sometimes called e-mail clients) use the POP protocol, although some can use the new IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol). The latest version, POP3, can be used with or without SMTP (sender e-mail protocol, short for Simple Mail Transfer Protocol). IMAP servers are similar to POP servers, the only difference is that they store e-mail so that they can be retrieved from various locations or multiple users.

♠ WHAT IS A WEBMAIL?
WebMail - Provides user interfaces on the Internet so that they can access their e-mail messages from any computer.

♠ WHAT DOES THE CGI SERVICE USE?
CGI stands for Common Gateway Interface. CGI provides a method to interface computer programs with HTML pages. CGI programs can be written to do many different things, which include: counting visitors to your website; processing data obtained from online forms; and create simple animations. If you want one of these features it is important that your host provides CGI services usually in the form of CGI-bin.

♠ WHAT IS BANDWIDTH?
Bandwidth in terms of hosting, is the amount of information that can be transferred from the server to the browser. Hosts usually limit the amount of bandwidth a user has available per month. For example, if you have a file on your site with a size of 1MB and you have 1Gb of bandwidth, users can download files 1000 times.

♠ WHAT IS A DISK SPACE?
Disk Space - the total capacity of the physical hard drive space or host SSD provided to users.

WHAT IS DEDICATED SERVER?
A dedicated server is one that only has one website running on it. Instead of a shared server or shared server that has several websites presented.

Source : https://www.centerklik.com/pengertian-lengkap-hosting/
Powered by Blogger